Movement of a body limb(s) away from the middle of the body, such as moving the legs outward from the body.


Movement of a body limb(s) towards the middle of the body, such as bringing the legs closer together after being extended outward.


Pertains to exercise that is intended to improve the efficiency of the body's cardiovascular system in the function of absorbing and transporting oxygen.

Amino Acids

The nutritional building blocks of protein; they are essential for healing wounds and repairing tissue, they play a key role in the transport and the storage of nutrients, and they have an influence on the function of the organs, glands, tendons and arteries.


Non-endurance physical exercises which which are intense enough to cause lactic acid to form within the working muscle for the purpose of increasing strength, speed, power and/or muscle size.


The 2 sectioned muscle located in the front of the upper arms that turn the hands and primarily perform arm flexion at the elbow joint.


In the realm of health and fitness BMI (Body Mass Index) is a simplified measure of body fat based solely on the height and weight that applies to adult men and women.


That burning sensation that is felt within a muscle you are training is caused by a buildup of lactid acid in the muscle. Achieving muscle burn is highly beneficial and is a great indication that you are training a muscle optimally.


The measurement unit of heat used to determine the amount of energy that foods will produce in the human body.


An important source of energy for the body. The digestive system converts carbohydrates (carbs) into blood sugar (glucose). The body uses glucose for energy for the cells, tissues and organs.


Often referred to as delts, they are the 3 sectioned muscle group that forms the rounded shape of the shoulders (uppermost part of the arm). 


This is the primary female sex hormone which is responsible for the development and the regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics.


Physical activity requiring effort which is performed especially for the purpose to sustain and/or improve health and fitness.


The 3 sectioned muscle located at the back of the upper arms that primarily perform arm extention at the elbow joint.